In this digital era, everything is turning online, and technical skills are required in all spheres. Nowadays, people can’t imagine their lives without technologies, and the Internet and programming languages are becoming the most important instruments to develop these systems. If you are new to these technologies and don’t know how to select the best programming language for your future website or software, just keep reading. Today we will examine the top-15 programming languages that are relevant for development in 2021.
💡 PHP: one of the most prevalent server-side scripting languages
PHP is a dynamic and popular server-side programming language used by around 80% of all websites worldwide. PHP has been a valuable asset in the job market. For example, technical giants like Facebook, Wikipedia, and Yahoo are built in PHP.
This language still receives constant updates. These novelties help PHP take a giant leap forward by increasing its speed and upgrading error handling, and more. Besides, you can use PHP to build and customize WordPress websites for your customers.
💡 C: a general-purpose programming language for operating systems, databases, compilers, and more
C is one of the oldest programming languages that is still alive and works quite well even today. C has had a considerable influence on the computer programming landscape as it is the core of every machine. Many developers find C useful for writing applications and system software. Many programming languages, like Ruby, PHP, and Python, are written in C. There are lots of programming languages in the C family that have either originated in C or are deeply influenced by it. These languages include Java, C#, and Objective-C.
C still allows programmers to develop special high-performance applications. C is usually used for creating embedded systems and is the basis for the Linux operating system.
💡 Swift: faster, easier, and safer development
This language is considered one of the best web development languages. In 2014, Apple introduced Swift as it was used to build high-performance, robust, native macOS, iOS, iPad, watchOS, Z/OS, and Linux applications. This programming language is a safe, open-source tool and encourages programmers to write clean and easy-to-read code consistently.
💡 Scala: succinct, expressive code, and first-class entities
The high demand for Scala developers on the job market became one of the hottest trends. Programmers can use Scala for various purposes. It is suitable for numerous types of custom web development companies and projects. The most famous websites built with Scala are Twitter, LinkedIn, Tumblr, and Foursquare.
💡 Go: a multi-paradigm language with lavish features
Go, also known as Golang, was designed by Google in 2007. With Golang, you will get simple, reliable, and efficient software with minimum efforts. This language is similar to the C programming language. Garbage collection, structural typing, CSP-style concurrency, memory safety are some of the things that you will definitely get from this programming language.
Go is purpose-built, rapidly expanding, backed up by Google, and being adopted by large companies such as Docker, Uber, and Alibaba. All these aspects combined make Go an ideal language to use in 2021.
💡 Kotlin: concise, expressive, and type-safe Android-compatible language
Kotlin is the fastest-emerging language released in 2016. According to the latest trends, Kotlin is the best language for Android development, and in 2021, this trend is going to grow. Kotlin is fully interoperable with Java and has no limitations. It can be used to replace Java for Android Applications, server-side development, and much more. It also works great with all existing Java frameworks, libraries and operates with the same performance level as Java.
💡 .NET: Microsoft-supported, cross-platform, and secure framework
.NET is among some of the superior software frameworks that were developed by Microsoft. Developers are able to build all kinds of applications and digital solutions more quickly. This framework supports various platforms, tools, and programming languages to develop different kinds of software. Thus, making it possible to build applications with reusable codes utilizing programming languages like C++, VB, C#, JS.
💡 Python: a utilitarian programming language, designed to be accessible and simple
E-commerce website developers around the world like Python because its main focus is on readability and efficiency. When you learn Python, you will understand that it is the most straightforward and most accessible programming language you have ever known. Python is among developers’ favorites programming languages in AI development because of its syntax simplicity and versatility. It is encouraging for machine learning for developers as it is less complex as compared to C++ and Java. According to Deloitte analysis (2019), startups that offer AI-powered software increased ROI by $704 million over one year.
💡 CSS: one of the cornerstones of the web development
CSS is used to build visually attractive web pages for E-commerce websites. CSS is a straightforward style sheet language that is used to control the feel of the content written in HTML. While rules are only downloaded once by the browser, they are cached and used for each web load. The use of CSS can lighten page loads and improve its performance.
💡 Elm: the best from the typed functional world
Elm is a functional language based on the Haskell programming language. Elm was initially built for front-end development, but software engineers have found ways to use it for server-side programming as well.
💡 Ruby: app development 30-40% faster than with other technologies
Ruby is another general-purpose programming language like Python. It’s most known for its overall web development framework, Ruby on Rails. Ruby is easy and quick to learn and a lot of fun to work with. What’s excellent about Ruby is that you can be creative while building your programs. That’s because you can find multiple reasonable solutions for a particular problem with Ruby.
The best thing is that you can get a web application up and running faster than with most tools. Therefore, it’s often the best language for professional web development companies and businesses. Ruby is used at more giant enterprises, too, such as Hulu or Slideshare.
💡 C#: remarkably scalable, consistent, and maintainable programming language
Like C++, C# (pronounced C Sharp) is an object-oriented language built on the foundations of C. C# uses a syntax that’s equal to other C-derived languages such as C++, so it’s easy to choose if you’re coming from another language in the C family. C# is also the language mobile developers use to build cross-platform apps on the Xamarin platform. Furthermore, anyone who is interested in VR development should consider using C# as it is a recommended language for creating 3D and 2D video games.
💡 Rust: safety, speed, and efficiency
Developed by the Mozilla Corporation, Rust is primarily intended for low-level systems programming. Rust adds to the mix an emphasis on speed, security, and writing “safe code”. Such big tech companies as Coursera and Dropbox are using it internally. Rust programming skills are likely to fix handsomely, as the language’s popularity will only continue to grow in the future.
💡 MEAN is gaining momentum
MEAN is usually used to write web app code, client-side code, and database code. A few years back, it was just the start of MEAN. In 2020, it gained so much popularity that many top tech companies are using it: Google, PayPal, Netflix, and Uber are a few to name here.
Finding the best language for web design and development doesn’t have to be complicated. The most significant takeaway is this: think about what types of projects you want to create in the future. This can help you narrow down your choice quite a bit because minor startups use different languages than giant corporations. Also, find out what languages employers are using for developing projects in your area.
And finally, there’s the salary question. Depending on the language, your potential salary range may vary significantly.
If you’re new to web development, finding the perfect language to learn first can feel overwhelming. To make things easier, try to focus on what you want to create with code. When you know what types of projects you like, it’s easier to find the correct language to learn. Remember, developing an app, software, or system from scratch is a strategically important activity expected to be followed up with sufficient business growth. In order to meet your ascending expectation, you should know that an end-to-end solution means different things to different businesses.